How do alimony and child support affect my taxes?
After a divorce, it’s common to forget that alimony and child support important parts of filing your tax return.
Who reports alimony payments as taxable income?
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 changed the way alimony is treated on tax returns for divorces that were finalized in 2019 or afterward—so the date your divorce was finalized is key.
For divorces finalized in 2018 or prior years:
- Alimony you pay is deducted from your taxable income, but must meet certain requirements to be deductible:
- The payment must be by cash, check or money order.
- You and your spouse can’t live in the same home.
- You can’t count payments made after your ex dies or remarries, since you’re not obligated to pay those.
- The payment cannot be for child support.
- Alimony you receive is considered taxable income.
For divorces finalized in 2019 or later years:
- Alimony you pay is not deductible.
- Alimony you receive is deductible, since it’s no longer considered taxable income, but you must still report the income on your taxes.
Regardless of the year your divorce was finalized, you must give your ex-spouse your SSN, so that he or she can report the payments on their taxes. Your ex can probably get your SSN from a prior tax return, but if he or she doesn’t have your SSN and can’t get it from you, the IRS can fine you $50.
How do taxes work for child support?
If you pay child support, you can’t deduct the payments from your taxable income. You just report your income normally, and don’t decrease it by the amount of your support payments.
In either case, you do not report child support on your taxes.
If you pay child support, you may be able to claim the child as a dependent. Even though you get no tax break for the support payments, the fact that you are making payments means you at least partly support the child, so you may be able to claim the child as a dependent.